Royex Generation II cartridges

The Cartridge
The Royex Generation II cartridge is a non-detonating rock breaking cartridge. It is classified as a pyrotechnic and holds a 1.4S transport classification. In the European Union, the cartridge is classified as a P2 product, under the European directive for pyrotechnical articles, by the BAM institute in Berlin, Germany.

The cartridge consists of a plastic housing containing a non-explosive propellant mixture. The robust plastic housing is designed to protect the propellant mixture and the igniter during handling and the injection of stemming.

The cartridge is central to the Royex rock breaking system and is offered in a choice of four diameters and a total of 14 standard charge weights.

Propellant mixture

The propellant mix used in the Royex gen 2 has been developed to ensure optimal burn without compromising oxygen balance or density. The base propellant has been carefully selected to ensure the composition achieves optimal burn speeds and gas volumes. The Royex Generation II mixture demonstrates the following advantages,

Density
The Royex Gen II formula has the highest propellant mixture density available in any rock breaking cartridge today. The pour density is 0.86 grams / cm ³ and density inside cartridge (compressed) is 0.92 grams / cm ³.

Power
The propellant used in the Royex Generation II cartridge is a non-recycled propellant specifically selected to ensure rapid burn. The propellant burn rate and heat generation ensures fast and extensive gas generation. This in combination with the hot Maxfire initiation system makes the Royex Generation II cartridge one of the most powerful rock breaking cartridge available on the market today.

Oxygen balance
The propellant mix is chemically designed to produce optimal oxygen balance. It contains a reduced amount of nitrocellulose per gram to minimize the amount of NOx gases. (Gas reports are available on request).

Grain balance
The components in the propellant mixture potentially have different densities and grain sizes. This can cause grain separation in the mixture if not controlled. The components in the Royex Generation II mixture have been sieved, ground, analysed and then tested for grain separation prior to mixing. This means the mixture will always be homogenously mixed and performs consistently regardless of vibrations during transport, storage or handling.

Disposal
Disposal of the Royex cartridges is a simple process accomplished by removing the base plug with pliers or a similar tool. The propellant can be poured onto sand or other non-combustible surface in a string and ignited using paper or similar means, from a distance of at least 1,5 feet. This procedure should be done at a safe distance from other flammable materials. The remaining parts (including the igniter) of the cartridge may be burnt, preferably outdoors.

Note that all information and content on this website is subject to local law, permits and certifications. Product variations may apply. For availability and regulatory constraints, please read our website disclaimer or contact us for advice.

Technical specifications

Classification

Product name:
Royex Gen II Rock breaking cartridge
UN number:
0432
Transport class:
1.4 S
Propellant
Ammonium nitrate 70%
Nitrocellulose 30%
CE Approval ID
0589-P2-0074
Product type
P2
Track and Trace
Not required



Cartridge energies
Energy
911 Kcal/Kg (3,81 MJ/Kg)
Gas volume
923 Liter / Kg
Ignition
Electrical / Shock tube
Speed of deflagration
(Pressurized and encapsulated)
330 – 850 m / second


Speed of deflagration
(not encapsulated)
0 - 1 m / second

Maximum pressure
(encapsulated)
520 Mp

Maximum pressure
(not encapsulated)
0 Mp

Storage
Shelf life
18 months in dry and dark storage, avoid direct contact to moisture.
Storage conditions
Dry and cool. Avoid sunlight


*Track and trace required for shock tube igniters. P2 class pending.

Efficiencies
Efficiency (In situ)
1 m³ / 100 gram cartridge
Efficiency (Boulder)
20 m³ / 100 gram cartridge
Powder factor (in situ)
0.6 (Anfo, 1,00)
Powder factor (Boulder)
0.01 (Anfo 1,00)
General safety area
30 meters
Water proof
Yes


Gas generated upon initiation
Nitrogen
41%
Steam / water vapour
37 %
Carbon dioxide
19 %
Carbon monoxide
<< 0,01 %

Available sizes
Cartridge diameter (mm)
16
16
16
25
25
25
32
32
32
32
38
38
38
38
Explosive weight(gram)
5
10
15
15
25
50
25
50
75
100
50
100
150
200
Cartridges per case
50
50
50
50
50
50
40
40
24
24
24
15
15
15